Title: Three Flukes Made Modern Science Possible

Mar. 25, 2023

Abstract: Science was greatly advanced by three factors that did not have to happen: Greek Mathematics, ancient Astronomy, and medieval Christianity. Without these, we might never have discovered the abstract mathematical theories we have today and instead gotten similar empirical results from data-driven black-box computer models.

Submitted to the FQxI.org 2023 Essay Contest on: “How Could Science be Different?”

- FQXi 2023 essay contest
- my essay (rtf)
- my essay (pdf)
- essay on fqxi site
- links to previous fqxi comments

- FQXi 2020 essay contest
- my essay (rtf)
- my essay (pdf)

- FQXi 2016 essay contest
- my essay (rtf)
- my essay (pdf)
- Vixra copy

References

- Dark Buzz blog
- Nature has no faithful mathematical representation, at FQXi
- Logical positivism
- Paradigm shift
- Probability axioms
- Zermelo–Fraenkel set theory, ZFC
- The universe would not be perfect without randomness: a quantum physicist's reading of Aquinas, Valerio Scarani.
- The Lucretian swerve: The biological basis of human behavior and the criminal justice system, Anthony R. Cashmore, PNAS, 2010.
- 'Bad luck' of random mutations plays predominant role in cancer, study shows, by Cristian Tomasetti and Bert Vogelstein, Jan. 2015. Study
- A Turing test for free will, Seth Lloyd, 2013.
- Free Will, Sam Harris.
- Astro lecture, Brian P. Schmidt, 2014.
- Quantum Theory Needs No ‘Interpretation’, Christopher A. Fuchs and Asher Peres, 2000.
- Feynman Lectures on Physics, excerpt
- New Directions in the Philosophy of Science, edited by Maria Carla Galavotti et al, 2014.

References

- The Effect of Language on Economic Behavior: Evidence from Savings Rates, Health Behaviors, and Retirement Assets, M. Keith Chen, April, 2013. pdf,
- SciAm article
- Does the average person believe in determinism, free will, and moral responsibility?, Jerry Coyne.
- Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol III, Chap 2.
- Free Will, Sam Harris.
- A Turing test for free will, Seth Lloyd, 2013.
- 7 Reasons Why It's Easier for Humans to Believe in God Than Evolution, Chris Mooney, Nov. 2013.
- QBism as CBism: Solving the Problem of "the Now", N. David Mermin, Nov. 2013.
- Big Bang Theory: More Bangs May Be Coming (But They Won't Hurt), NBC News, March 20, 2014.
- Sensible Quantum Mechanics: Are Only Perceptions Probabilistic?, Don N. Page
- Science and Hypothesis, Henri Poincaré, Chap. X, 1902.
- Mysticism and Logic and Other Essays, IX. On the Notion of Cause, Betrand Russell.
- Nature has no faithful mathematical representation, Roger Schlafly, FQXi 2012 essay contest.
- The quantum does not reduce to discrete bits, Roger Schlafly, FQXi 2013 essay contest.
- Is Time an Illusion?, Scientific American, June 2010.
- Science hopes to change events that have already occurred, SF Chronicle (SFGate), Jan. 21, 2007.

Extra references

- "The flow of time is an illusion, and I don’t know very many scientists and philosophers who would disagree with that, to be perfectly honest.", FQXi interview, Paul Davies, Feb. 2013.
- Does Time-Symmetry Imply Retrocausality? How the Quantum World Says "Maybe", Huw Price.
- Present time, Gustavo E. Romero
- The flow of time in the theory of relativity, Mario Bacelar Valente
- Space, Time and Einstein, The Reality of Past, Present, and Future, Brian Greene. WorldScienceU.com

- FQXi 2013 essay contest question
- FQXi discussion of my essay
- my essay (rtf)
- my essay (pdf)
- Vixra copy

References

- Nature has no faithful mathematical representation, at FQXi
- Poincaré's proof of the quantum discontinuity of nature
- QBism, the Perimeter of Quantum Bayesianism
- Solid as a Rock, RadioLab podcast
- Stability of Matter in Quantum Mechanics, published review
- The Strong Free Will Theorem, published pdf
- Waiting for the Revolution, copy of interview
- What should we be worried about? Quantum mechanics

- FQXi 2012 essay contest
- FQXi discussion of my essay
- Chicago Manual of Style
- comment on Dark Buzz
- my essay (rtf), June 4, 2012
- my essay (pdf)
- Vixra copy

References

- Action at a Distance in Quantum Mechanics
- Bell test experiments
- Dreams of a Final Theory: The Scientist’s Search for the Ultimate Laws of Nature, by S. Weinberg.
- FQXi 2011 Is Reality Digital or Analog? Winning Essays
- Heisenberg’s famous 1925 paper
- How Einstein Ruined Physics, by R. Schlafly
- Interpretations of quantum mechanics
- Laplace’s demon
- Mathematical universe hypothesis (Tegmark)
- “On the reality of the quantum state”, by M. F. Pusey, J. Barrett, T. Rudolph
- Quantum Times article, Matt Leifer
- Review of The Grand Design, S. Landsburg
- Zermelo–Fraenkel set theory